A music scale is a collection of notes in order of pitch. In Western music, there are 12 notes in an octave, which can be divided into smaller scales.
Checkout this video:
What is a music scale?
A music scale is a range of musical notes that are typically used in a piece of music. The most common type of scale is the major scale, which consists of seven notes. Other types of scales include the minor scale, chromatic scale, and pentatonic scale.
The major scale
The major scale is the most important scale in Western music. It is the basis for many of our most popular chords and melodies. The major scale is made up of eight notes, each separated by a whole step (two frets on a guitar). The first and eighth notes are the same note, but with a different name (e.g., A and A# are the same note).
The major scale can be written in notation as follows:
Note: The accidental symbols (# for sharp and b for flat) are not always used in writing scales. For example, the C major scale can be written as C D E F G A B C, without using any sharps or flats.
The minor scale
The minor scale is a type of musical scale that is commonly used in Western music. It is characterized by having a lower third and a lower seventh, which gives it a more melancholy sound than the major scale. The minor scale can be either natural, harmonic, or melodic.
The chromatic scale
The chromatic scale is one of the most important scales in music. It is the scale that provides the framework for all Western Harmony. The chromatic scale is a series of twelve notes, each a semitone (or half step) apart from its neighbors, with each note represented by a unique pitch.
The chromatic scale can be divided into two tetrachords, or four-note sets. The first tetrachord starts on C and includes C, D, E, and F. The second tetrachord starts on G and includes G, A, B, and C. Together, these two tetrachords make up the octave of notes from C to C.
The chromatic scale can be used to create many different scales, such as major and minor scales. Each type of scale has a different pattern of whole and half steps. The major scale, for example, has a pattern of two whole steps followed by a half step, four times in succession. This pattern starts on C and results in the notes C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C.
The pentatonic scale
A scale is simply a sequence of notes played in ascending or descending order. The notes in a scale are usually related to each other by specific intervals. The most commonly used music scale is the major scale, which consists of seven notes. Each note in a major scale is separated from the next by either a whole step or a half step. A half step is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano. A whole step is equal to two half steps.
The pentatonic scale is one of the most common scales used in music. It consists of five notes and is typically used in folk and rock music. The pentatonic scale can be played with any combination of five notes, but the most common version uses the following sequence: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8.
The blues scale
The blues scale is a six-note scale with a minor third, perfect fourth, diminished fifth and major sixth. The notes of the blues scale are C, D♭, E♭, F, G and A♭.
The whole-tone scale
The whole-tone scale is a musical scale in which each note is separated from the next by the interval of a whole step, or two semitones. The name refers to the fact that, over the course of the scale, all notes are related by whole tones (intervals of two semitones).
The whole-tone scale is also sometimes called the six-note scale, because it consists of only six different notes. (By contrast, the major and minor scales each have seven distinct notes.)
Whole-tone scales are not often used in Western tonal music (the kind that uses major and minor keys), but they are found in some 20th-century works, particularly those by French composers such as Claude Debussy and Olivier Messiaen.
The octatonic scale
An octatonic scale is a musical scale or mode that has eight pitches per octave, or notes within an octave. This is similar to a chromatic scale, except that chromatic scales have twelve notes per octave. The most common octatonic scales are constructed by alternating tones and semitones. This type of scale is also known as a whole-tone scale.
The modal scales
The modal scales are a type of musical scale that is built around a specific pattern of whole and half steps. Each mode has a unique interval pattern, which gives it its distinctive sound. The most commonly used modes in Western music are the major and minor scales, but there are also other less frequently used modes such as the Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, and Mixolydian.
In order to understand how the modal scales work, it is first necessary to review the major and minor scales. The major scale is created by starting on a given note (the “tonic”), and then moving up in pitch by going up two whole steps, followed by two half steps, three whole steps, two half steps, and one more whole step. This pattern of whole and half steps is then repeated starting from the next higher note.
The interval pattern for the major scale is: W-W-H-W-W-W-H (whole step-whole step-half step-whole step-whole step-whole step-half step).
Similarly, the minor scale is created by starting on a given note (the “tonic”), and then moving up in pitch by going up two whole steps, followed by one half step, three more whole steps, one half step, and two more whole steps. This pattern of whole and half steps is then repeated starting from the next higher note.
The interval pattern for the minor scale is: W-H-W-W-H-W+W (whole step-half step=whole step=whole step=half step=whole step+whole step).
The oriental scales
In music, a scale is a set of notes that are arranged in order from lowest to highest. The most common scale in Western music is the major scale, which consists of eight notes. There are also many other types of scales, including minor scales, blues scales, and chromatic scales.
One type of scale that is particularly interesting is the oriental scale. Oriental scales are used in traditional Arabic and Turkish music, and they have a very distinctive sound. These scales typically have between five and seven notes, and they often make use of quarter tones (notes that fall between the usual notes on a piano). This gives oriental music its characteristic ” exotic” sound.